Erosion control on steep slopes and embankments

Erosion Control on Steep Slopes and Embankments

How to control erosion control on steep slopes

Heavy rain can cause damage to the soil and it can lead to erosion as well. Erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock or other dissolved material from the surface of earth. The removed particles are then transported to other locations.

Some problems associated with erosion

Erosion can cause a lot of problems. When the erosion process starts, the top soil generally erodes first. The top soil is rich in nutrients and when it erodes away, the remainder of the soil does not have enough nutrients to support plant life.

In addition to the removal of top soil, erosion can cause an increased runoff. The reason behind this is that, as the top soil erodes away, the soil that is left behind, does not have good water retaining capability. Due to the erosion of top soil, the organic matter in the soil is reduced and so water retention is decreased.

Erosion on soil can also cause sediment to accumulate in nearby lakes, oceans and rivers. Due to the sedimentation, the fish and other wildlife find it difficult to see well and find their food. Another problem that may arise is that they sometimes intake soil particulates through their gills which affects their breathing.

Due to land development on hilly areas, erosion control becomes vital on steep slopes and embankments. Especially in areas that experience heavy rainfall. Such steep slopes that have no vegetation or cover are more likely to develop erosion as compared to other ones. Erosion can cause a lot of damage to the landscape and the infrastructure that is surrounding a particular project. So, it is essential to protect the hillside from erosion before the starting and completion of the project.

Read the complete article to develop an understanding of this problem and to learn how to cater this problem!

Soil erosion is bad and can prove to be very harmful, so it must be controlled. There are many ways to control and limit this issue and are described below:

Natural Solutions

Natural solutions to handle erosion in soil

The most effective, natural way to control soil erosion on steep slopes and embankments is to plant vegetation. Not only will the grass, fescue and leaves help to slow down raindrops as they fall, the roots of the plants will also help to hold the soil together, making it harder for water to wash it away.

However, when planting vegetation on a slope to stop erosion, you need to keep in mind that what you’re planting is just as important as the planting. Though grasses can create a groundcover that can absorb some moisture, they have less effective storm water filtration ability compared to native ground cover.

Artificial Solutions

artificial ways to control erosion in soil

Other than planting vegetation, there are also a variety of artificial solutions you can use. For instance, the use of geomats has become popular over the last few years. Geomats are water permeable polymers that are used to help fix soil elements, grass and small plant roots, and have been shown to work extremely well, especially on barren slopes that have no vegetation.

Soil Composition Enhancement

Improving the soil structure to enhance it and control erosion

You could also control erosion by controlling the soil itself. As heavy rain tends to be the biggest culprit for soil erosion on slopes and embankments, by controlling the composition of the soil, you specialty soils could control the effect that water has on it and therefore the likelihood that it will be eroded.

The complete article can be accessed here.

TNT Crane Opens A New Branch In Edmonton Alberta

TNT Crane & Rigging Canada Inc. opens new Branch in Edmonton, Alberta

TNT Crane & Rigging Canada is pleased to announce that it will open a branch office outside of Edmonton in Leduc, Alberta in July, 2016. The new branch will be located at 3310 Allard Avenue, Leduc, Alberta.

TNT is expanding into the area to provide crane services to existing and new customers in the region.  TNT crane services currently has seven branches stretching from British Columbia to Ontario servicing multiple industries including Oil & Gas, Wind Construction, Bridge & Road Construction as well as Commercial customers.

Bob Fairbank, President & CEO said “We are excited about opening our newest branch in Edmonton and bringing our experience and expertise to better serve our customers in the region. Edmonton offers great potential for growth and we look forward to expanding our customer base here through this commitment.”

About TNT Crane & Rigging

Founded in 1985, TNT Crane and Rigging is one of the largest crane service providers in North America.  TNT operates a modern fleet of more than 625 hydraulic truck, all terrain and crawler cranes ranging in lifting capacity from 8 tons to 1300 tons, plus a comprehensive inventory of gantry jacks, forklifts, rigging equipment, personnel and tractor/trailers.  The company has over 1,400 employees working in branch locations from Texas, Denver, Canada and the Atlantic seaboard. TNT has the equipment and experience to deliver lifting solutions efficiently and safely.

Fire department releases video on mayday training

Fire department releases video on mayday training

The intention of the video is to stress the importance of training and preventing future incidents

Berkeley Fire Department

FOLSOM, Calif. — The Berkeley Fire Department, Cahill Multimedia and EVALS Learning Management System released an After Actions Video that explains the Channing Way Mayday Event.

The term mayday was adopted by the fire service from the Maritime Industry and means “Help Me” after being translated from its French origin.

The three-alarm fire at a historic East Bay church was the result of a wind-driven fire that concluded with a partial collapse, a mayday and a near-catastrophic loss of a firefighter.

Following the ​mayday at the Channing Way fire last fall, the Berkeley Fire Department identified a number of factors that contributed to both the near-miss, but also factors that possibly saved a firefighter’s life once he was in a bad situation. The forward-thinking department partnered with EVALS and Cahill Multimedia in order to share their story with their own agency, as well as the entire fire service.

“The intention of the video is to provide first-hand accounts from the people involved in the mayday and to stress the importance of training in the outcome of the incident and in preventing future incidents. The video is not intended to critique or criticize tactics or individuals,” Deputy Chief Dave Brannigan said.

Incidents like these are thoroughly investigated by specially trained teams to find out what happened and what may have caused the incident to happen. The lessons learned are then disseminated in a report.

“The spirit of the After Actions Video is to augment the official reports, to make the story of the incident more accessible,” James Doyle, a co-founder of EVALS, said. “Not everyone will sit down and read a 200 page report, but they might watch a video. We believe that AAVs provide an engagement level far beyond the traditional method currently being used in post incident training. Watching AAVs can enhance learning by creating more interested and vested participants.”

Jason Cahill of Cahill Multimedia and a fire captain with 17 years on the job stated, “Sometimes you can do everything right and still die, for every other situation what you know will be the PPE that saves your ass.”

Chief Brannigan concluded that, “As a department, a positive result of a near-miss is to analyze and share what we learned, both negative and positive, and then plan training to address any identified issues.”

4 Really Great Reasons You Shouldn’t Become a Firefighter

4 Really Great Reasons You Shouldn’t Become a Firefighter

Pursuing a firefighting career with misguided motives will make for an unhappy career choice

Several times a week, I get an email or a phone call from someone who wants to become a firefighter. Working in the fire service is a noble calling, and something that many still seek out.

However, just because the quantity of candidates is there, doesn’t mean the quality is there. There are a number of candidates who may want to become a firefighter when in fact they should not.

(Photo/Joe Thomas of Greenbox Photography)

Obviously, what one fire department or fire chief may be looking for in a firefighter can be slightly or even drastically different than the next fire department. Taken a step further, a leadership change at the top of a fire department or jurisdiction could change the type of candidate a department may hire.

However, we can make some generalizations. Here are four reasons why you should not become a firefighter.

1. YOU’RE ONLY IN IT FOR THE WAGES.

Too many future firefighters get mesmerized by the dollar signs. Salaries for firefighters vary greatly around the United States and it is important to get paid a fair wage for the work you perform.

In some regions, firefighters are barely paid minimum wage and could possibly qualify for food stamps. In other areas, firefighters are paid very competitive salaries that allow them to live comfortably (I didn’t say extravagantly — just comfortably), if they make wise financial decisions over the course of their career.

Salaries can and do change, based on a number of reasons — most of which are out of your control. What may be a low salary at the start of your career may change for the better over time, or it may change for the worse.

Don’t do this career to get rich. If you’re all about the money, find a higher-paying career like a crane service provider.

2. YOU’RE ONLY IN IT FOR THE BENEFITS.

Many consider becoming a firefighter for the retirement and health care benefits. Anyone who has had their finger on this checker has seen that pension costs and health care costs continue to skyrocket every year, sometimes at the rate of 10 percent or more per year.

Many cities, counties and states have had to drastically modify their benefits packages so that they can continue to pay their employees without going bankrupt. Most communities are not swimming in revenue. With employee wages and benefits typically making up over 90 percent of a fire department’s operating costs, there is not a lot of wiggle room when the expenditures are exceeding the revenues.

Many firefighters have to pay more out of pocket to keep their current benefits, especially if they also want to keep their salaries intact, not to mention getting raises in the future. In short, realize that benefits can and will change, and often not for the better.

Do what you can to ensure you are part of the solution, not the problem. That means don’t complain about your department reducing the benefits when you know the costs are rising, especially if you don’t want to pay more out of pocket for them.

3. YOU’RE ONLY IN IT FOR THE SCHEDULE.

Firefighters typically work 10, 24-hour shifts per month in some form. There are a number of different schedules that can and may change over the course of your career. No one schedule is better than the other.

When I got hired 20 years ago, we were on the 3/4 schedule: work a day, off a day, work a day, off a day, work a day and off four days. Some departments work a day and get two days off. Other departments work two days in a row and get four days off.

They all usually average the same number of hours that most firefighters typically work, which seems to be about 56 hours per week. I honestly didn’t care what schedule I worked when I got hired because I just wanted to be a firefighter.

It’s funny when I talk to firefighters around the country and we get on the subject of schedules. Some think we’re crazy for doing two days on, four days off when they are working one day on, two days off. Or, they are working 10-hour and 14-hour shifts as some East Coast departments do. When I ask our personnel about those schedules, some think those firefighters are crazy.

Realize that the “great” schedule you have when you get hired may change for the better or worse. And you may not have a choice in your schedule, because the fire chief typically has the right to alter schedules to best meet the needs of the department.

4. YOU’RE ONLY IN IT TO FIGHT FIRE AND SAVE LIVES.

I hate to be the evil person who bursts your bubble, but the average firefighter may only see fire once a month, and may never grab someone from the clutches of death.

In most fire departments, emergency medical service responses make up over 70 percent of the dispatched calls. Of those medical events, the overwhelming majority only require basic life support or EMT-level skills, if even that.

In most fire departments, fires make up less than 10 percent of the calls. Actual working fires may even make up less than 5 percent. Ask most firefighters who have been on the job for at least five years and I’ll bet the majority have never rescued anyone at a fire.

If you’re getting into this line of work to fight fire and save lives, you’re going to be disappointed and possibly unhappy with your choice of occupation. Seriously, I have seen it happen when firefighters with a year or two on the job say how unhappy they are because their department doesn’t fight that much fire and because they have yet to save anyone’s life.

Didn’t they do their homework or research? Or were they too focused on the sexy image of what firefighters do that is often portrayed in the movies or on TV? Were they too focused on the dollar signs and the 10 working days a month?

While it is true that we do save many lives directly and indirectly through aggressive fire prevention and public education efforts, we typically don’t get to see the fruits of our labor.

Please remember that these are just my opinions, and as everyone knows, opinions are a dime a dozen.

Ultimately, if you choose to get into the fire service for reasons other than the aforementioned four, there is a great chance that you will have a long and successful career and that you are happy with the choice you made.